Literary critic and essayist. He is a senior research fellow at the Ukrainian Centre for Cultural Studies in Kyiv. He has written a number of books on transformations in post-communist Eastern Europe, three of them translated into Polish. In 2002 he was decorated with the Polish-Ukrainian Capitula Award, and in 2009 he received the Bene Merito medal awarded by the Polish minister of foreign affairs for a significant contribution to Polish-Ukrainian reconciliation. Now a Reagan-Fascell visiting research fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy in the USA.